Cours Territoire et mémoire

Compréhension écrite - Speech given by Obama : commemoration of the 15th anniversary of 9/11


Lire cet extrait d'un discours donné par Barack Obama le 11 septembre 2016 en commémoration du 15e anniversaire du 9/11 et répondre aux questions en anglais. 

"(…) Fifteen years may seem like a long time, but for the families who lost a piece of their heart that day, I imagine it can seem like just yesterday.  Perhaps it’s the memory of a last kiss given to a spouse, or the last goodbye to a mother or father, a sister or a brother.  We wonder how their lives might have unfolded, how their dreams might have taken shape.  And I am mindful that no words we offer, or deeds we do, can ever truly erase the pain of their absence.

And yet, you — the survivors and families of 9/11 — your “steadfast love and faithfulness” has been an inspiration to me and to our entire country.  Even as you’ve mourned, you’ve summoned the strength to carry on.  In the names of those you’ve lost, you’ve started scholarships and volunteered in your communities, and done your best to be a good neighbor and a good friend and a good citizen.  And in your grief and grace, you have reminded us that, together, there’s nothing we Americans cannot overcome.

The question before us, as always, is:  How do we preserve the legacy of those we lost?  How do we live up to their example?  And how do we keep their spirit alive in our own hearts? (…)

Across our country today, Americans are coming together in service and remembrance.  We run our fingers over the names in memorial benches here at the Pentagon.  We walk the hallowed grounds of a Pennsylvania field.  We look up at a gleaming tower that pierces the New York City skyline.  But in the end, the most enduring memorial to those we lost is ensuring the America that we continue to be — that we stay true to ourselves, that we stay true to what’s best in us, that we do not let others divide us. (…)

“Let not steadfast love and faithfulness forsake you…write them on the tablet of your heart.”  And how we conduct ourselves as individuals and as a nation, we have the opportunity each and every day to live up to the sacrifice of those heroes that we lost.  May God bless the memory of the loved ones here and across the country. They remain in our hearts today.  May He watch over these faithful families and all who protect us.  And may God forever bless the United States of America."

Question 1

Why does Barack Obama say that "fifteen years may seem like a long time, but for the families who lost a piece of their heart that day, I imagine it can seem like just yesterday"?

Barack Obama says that fifteen years may seem like yesterday for the families of the people who were killed during the terrorist attacks of 9/11 because when people grief, time goes by in a different way. The memory of those who were lost that day remains so fresh in the hearts of their loved-ones that it could seem the attack happened yesterday.

Que s'est-il s'est passé le 9 septembre 2011 ? Essaye de l'expliquer dans ta réponse.

Question 2

In what ways are the survivors and families of 9/11 an inspiration for Americans?

The survivors and families of 9/11 are an inspiration for all of the Americans because they have been strong enough to go on with their lives. They carry with them the memory of what happened and they spread it in different ways: by creating funds and scholarships or simply by being good neighbors. They serve as an exemple of how the American people are resilient and therefore able to overcome difficult situations. 

Cherche l'information demandée dans le texte. Essaye de transmettre ces idées en utilisant tes propres mots.

Question 3

What do Americans do to remember the events of 9/11?

The American people remember 9/11 in many different ways. They can visit the National September 11 Memorial and Museum, but they may also read the names written in the benches of the Pentagon, they can walk on a Pennsylvania field or simply look at a tower in the skyline of New York... Many things can be done in remembrance of this particular day, but according to Barack Obama, the best way for Americans to do it is to remain true to themselves and to the essence of their people. 

Pour compléter ta réponse, tu peux chercher de l'information sur le National September 11 Memorial and Museum.

Question 4

How does this speech relate to the concepts of territory and memory?

This speech is directly related to the concepts of territory and memory since it was given by Barack Obama on the 15th anniversary of 9/11, in the presence of many survivors and families of the people who were killed in the terrorist attack. In his speech, Obama mentions how the Americans remember that day and how this memory is now a part of the American territory, whether it is through the existence of memorials or just in places which can make people think of that day and the lives which were lost.